Talking and listening are the first ways children learn about language. By talking with you, children learn the sounds of their language and learn about the world around them. The more they know about their world, the more they will understand what they read in books.
Reading books together teaches your child new words and shows them what print is and how books work. When reading is fun, children become more interested in learning how to read themselves.
Singing songs gives children lots of practice hearing and saying rhyming words and breaking words into smaller pieces. Hearing all the sounds in a word makes it easier to sound out new words when they are reading.
Playing gives children a chance to practice using the words they know. Play teaches children that one thing—like a blanket—can stand for another thing—like a cape. This helps children learn that the letters on the page stand for words and ideas. Try the Spark literacy activities focused on Play.
Writing, drawing, and scribbling are the ways your child learns that print and letters on the page stand for the words they hear when we talk. Handling small objects and using crayons builds the fine motor skills and eye-hand coordination that help children when they use books and write in school.